How to raise rabbit breeds at home
The Rabbit breeds – of the wild animals, which humans appropriated and used thousands of years ago, have seen sculptures of rabbits on the walls of ancient Pharaonic. The rabbit is classified as mammal and adapts to all the world’s environments; it is present in all continents except the continents of Australia and Antarctica. Rabbit is characterised by many qualities that make it desirable among humans, such as beautiful shape, good taste of meat and usefulness, and the speed of reproduction, and the quality of fur. The group of rabbits has a great variety of species, with some species reaching 60 species, all of which feed on plants. The common type is about 300 g and 27 cm long. Rabbits have several colours, including white, black, grey, and spotted, and rabbits are characterised by the rapid movement as a result of the retrograde of their hindquarters to be longer than the front.
Place of breeding rabbits
Rabbit breeds places are placed in a place not hit by rain, snow or direct sunlight, ie they are placed in a mild climate, while at the same time must have windows for good ventilation to get rid of harmful moisture and gases. Good lighting should be ensured where rabbits live. And be protected from insects and rodents such as mice and wedding as well as cats and dogs. It is best to brush the sawdust around the place to reduce the smell of rabbits and moisture absorption and must keep the cleanliness of the place continuously for the spread of insects and epidemics.
Characteristics of Rabbit breeds
Rabbit breeding in rural communities has been greatly influenced by some of the characteristics that characterize it from the breeding of other domesticated organisms. These features include:
- The female rabbit produces 35-40 births per year. A female rabbit can fertilize on the day of her birth because the uterus returns to its nature immediately after birth, within 9 hours, and feeds its young during pregnancy, which is very beneficial to the breeder.
- But it may be harmful to crops if they arise in random communities around the farm.
- Rabbits can be placed anywhere suitable for breeders, do not require special breeding conditions, and occupy less space than other domesticated animals, thus providing the cultivated space for breeding.
- It feeds on the remains of plants and vegetables of all kinds, and does not need a large amount of protein and grain, it provides a lot on the breeder and increases its profits.
- Rabbit up to the right size for sale during a very short period of up to less than three months only.
- It is easy to cultivate and does not need much experience, so women and older people can manage their breeding. Rabbits are less prone to pests and diseases, so fewer losses to the farmer.
- The tapestry and rabbits can be used physically.
- The amount of protein in rabbit meat is very large, up to 20%, lower in cholesterol, and has a wonderful taste and fast digestion.
Rabbit breeds It is recommended to choose good breeds when buying rabbits, and attention should be paid when buying rabbits that they are healthy and non-wasting, by observing the activity and movement. The eyes must be shiny and not affected by certain secretions or tears. You should also be aware of hair loss, cleanness, and non-scabies. It is preferable to stay away from rabbits infected with tooth or body malformations, and rabbits that have severe secretions in the ears, nose and soles of the feet. The rabbits purchased must not be more than three months old.
Rabbits start mating at five months in males and six months for females. Rabbits must be purchased at a younger age until they are fed and used to the place before mating. The duration of pregnancy is between 30 – 355 days, and the female may give birth before that, ie, in the day 288 of the pregnancy, for this place must be equipped to receive small rabbits by placing cotton or soft grass in the corner of the place where the rabbits live, With the fur in her belly to put her young children on it. The female rabbit must be left in a calm environment and not disturbed because it will frighten her children, which may cause her inability to feed them properly. A rabbit breastfeeds its children for 4-5 weeks and then young rabbits become able to feed themselves.
Species recommended for breeding
- The rabbit type is chosen based on the target of breeding; rabbits may be raised for ornamental, meat, fur or hair. Therefore, the type to be raised varies according to the target. To choose the right type, it is advisable to choose from the following:
- The breeds of meat: These breeds of large size, rapid growth, and good meat, and these breeds of California rabbits, the White New Zealand rabbit, and also the Egyptian rabbits, despite their small size, but delicious taste, and rapid reproduction, and resistant to environmental conditions.
- Breeding Breeds: These breeds are of lesser sizes but thick and soft fur. These species include the rabbits of the hafana, Alaska, chinchala and the angora.
- Rabbit breeds: These rabbits are characterised by the beauty of their landscape and activity, and are brought up to enjoy them no more. These species include Dutch rabbits and lobster rabbits.